TABLE 24-2. - SOME DEGENERATIVE DISORDERS

  1. Causing dementia primarily
    1. *Alzheimer disease
    2. Pick disease
    3. Marchiafava-Bignami disease
  2. Causing basal ganglia degeneration primarily
    1. #Parkinsonism
    2. #Huntington disease
    3. Progressive supranuclear palsy (Steele-Richardson-Olchewsky)
    4. Hallervorden-Spatz disease
    5. Others
  3. Causing visual deficit
    1. Leber's optic atrophy
    2. Retinitis pigmentosa
  4. Spinocerebellar degenerations
    1. *Friedreich ataxia
    2. Olivopontocerebellar degeneration
    3. Familial Spastic paraparesis
    4. Others
  5. Motor neuron diseases
    1. *Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
    2. Werdnig-Hoffmann disease
    3. Kugelberg-Welander disease
  6. Causing peripheral neuropathy
    1. Charcot-Marie- Tooth disease (peroneal atrophy)
    2. Dejerine-Sottas disease
  7. Causing myopathy
    1. *Duchenne muscular dystrophy
    2. Fascio-scapulo-humeral
    3. Limb-girdle
    4. *Myotonic dystrophy
    5. Others

*Common conditions you should know

# see chapter 26.

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