TABLE 16-1. - CAUSES OF SELECTIVE LOSS OF RECENT MEMORY


  1. Hippocampal damage
    1. Postanoxic or posthypoglycemic
    2. Posttraumatic
    3. Infectious (herpes simplex encephalitis)
    4. Vascular (posterior cerebral artery occlusion)
    5. Temporal lobe epilepsy (ictal or postictal): transient
    6. Surgery: bilateral temporal lobectomies
    7. Degenerative disease: Alzheimer's disease
  2. Fornix (debatable)
  3. Mamillary bodies and/or dorsomedial thalamus (bilateral lesions)
    1. Wernicke-Korsakoff disease
    2. Tumors of the third ventricle, hypothalamus, or parasellar region
  4. Anticholinergic drugs
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