, professor and chair of genetics at Dartmouth Medical School (DMS), has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), considered the country's premier scientific society. He is internationally recognized as a pioneer in the field of clock biology, opening a window on the rhythms of life. He joined the DMS faculty in 1984. William Wickner, professor of biochemistry and genetics, is Dartmouth's other NAS member. He was elected in 1996.
Dunlap and longtime colleague Jennifer Loros
, professor of biochemistry, published two studies from their research on the relationship between biological clocks and temperature. The first, reported in Cell
, offers insight into a longstanding puzzle: why the 24-hour circadian rhythm does not change with temperature. A related study, in Molecular Cell
, tracks a clock protein in action.
James Russell Muirhead, Jr. (Photo by Stanford Visual Art Services)
The Office of the Dean of Faculty of Arts and Sciences has announced appointments to two new endowed chairs. Ross Virginia
, professor of environmental studies, is the inaugural holder of the Myers Family Professorship, funded by gifts from Susan and F. Gibson "Gib" Myers '64. It is intended for a faculty member whose scholarship and teaching focuses on environmental science. Virginia is also director of the Dickey Center for International Understanding's Institute of Arctic Studies. James Russell Muirhead, Jr.
is the inaugural holder of the Robert Clements Professorship of Democracy and Politics at Dartmouth. The professorship is funded by gifts from Robert Clements '54 and the trustees of the Clements Foundation. Muirhead is currently associate professor of government at the University of Texas at Austin and will join the Dartmouth faculty in July.
Dale Eickelman '64, the Ralph and Richard Lazarus Professor of Anthropology and Human Relations, has been named a Carnegie Scholar by the Carnegie Corporation of New York. Eickelman, who will pursue a project titled, "Mainstreaming Islam: Taking Charge of the Faith," was selected for his "compelling ideas and commitment to enriching the quality of the public dialogue on Islam."
Assistant Professor of Government Jennifer Lind published "The Perils of Apology: What Japan Shouldn't Learn from Germany" in the May/June 2009 issue of Foreign Affairs. Lind notes that Japanese efforts to model Germany's extensive national contrition have only led to a pronounced domestic backlash that has ultimately damaged Japan's foreign relations. A better path, Lind suggests, would be for Tokyo to emulate the early postwar strategy of West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, who encouraged Germans "to acknowledge the harms done while looking forward." The article is adapted from her book Sorry States: Apologies in International Politics (Cornell, 2008).
Jill Mikucki, research associate in earth sciences and a visiting fellow at the Dickey Center for International Understanding, is the lead author of a report, published in Science on April 17, which announced the discovery of hardy microbes that have lived in isolation for millions of years in a reservoir of briny liquid buried deep below the Taylor Glacier in Antarctica. The research team's work is relevant to Earth's geological past and to the search for life in similarly hostile environments, potentially including Mars and its ice-covered moon, Europa.
Assistant Professor of Computer Science Fabio Pellacini was awarded a prestigious Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship in recognition of his contribution to computer science and to support his future research. The two-year fellowship will contribute to Pellacini's research in developing algorithms to manipulate the lights and materials in synthetic environments, trying to improve the time-consuming process of adjusting the appearance of objects.
Susanne Freidberg, associate professor of geography, was recently awarded both the Mellon New Directions Fellowship from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the Frederick Burkhardt Residential Fellowship from the American Council of Learned Societies. She has also just published her second book, Fresh: A Perishable History (Harvard University Press, 2009). Freidberg's new project focuses on the debates over where food should come from, in light of the growing concern about climate change.
Dartmouth will offer a new certificate in Global Health, supported by a $250,000 award from the National Institutes of Health to Dartmouth Medical School (DMS) and the Dickey Center for International Understanding, expanding the Global Health Initiative (GHI) at Dartmouth. Professor of Medicine Ford von Reyn
, principal investigator; Lisa Adams
, assistant professor in the Section of Infectious Disease and International Health at DMS and the director of the GHI at the Dickey Center; and Richard Waddell
, research assistant professor in the Section of Infectious Disease and International Health at DMS, will develop and implement the certificate program.
Kaveh Khodjasteh and Lorenza Viola
Two Dartmouth researchers have found a way to develop more robust "quantum gates," which are the elementary building blocks of quantum circuits. Associate Professor of Physics and Astronomy Lorenza Viola
and postdoctoral fellow Kaveh Khodjasteh
report their findings in the Feb. 27, 2009, issue of Physical Review Letters
, the leading journal of the American Physical Society. Scientists predict that quantum circuits will someday be used to operate quantum computers, super-powerful computers that have the potential to perform extremely complex algorithms quickly and efficiently.
Results from research conducted by Mukul Sharma
, associate professor of earth sciences; Cynthia Chen
, a graduate student in geochemistry; and Peter Sedwick, of Old Dominion University, show that the presence of the rare element osmium is on the rise globally. Their study was published in the online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
during the week of April 20. The team traces this increase in osmium levels to the consumption of refined platinum, the primary ingredient in catalytic converters, equipment commonly installed in cars to reduce smog.
The U.S. economy might be in jeopardy, but it is still far ahead of all other states on the scales of world power, according to Stephen Brooks, associate professor of government, and William Wohlforth, professor of government and Daniel Webster Professor. In an article titled "Reshaping the World Order: How Washington Should Reform International Institutions," published in the March/April 2009 issue of Foreign Affairs, they say that this is not yet a post-American world, and the U.S. remains an unambiguous global superpower that has the ability to reshape the global system.