University of Nova Gorica


Optimization Procedures in Environmental Protection


March 2011



Teams & Projects


Examples of past projects




The objective of this project is to develop experience in the application of IE principles such as Design for Environment (DFE) and Life-Cycle Assessment (LCA) to a specific industrial situation.  This “situation” may be a product, an industrial process, or a specific service, for which a greener alternative is to be designed.

The project culminates in the formulation of an alternative design, an estimate of its comparative environmental benefit, and a defense of the concept in front of the class. 

Considerations must be given to all critical stages of the lifetime of the product/process/service, from cradle to grave/reincarnation.




Groups of 3 or 4 students


Stage 1: Choice of product/process/service; disassembly of one or several existing versions (if product - otherwise, visit to plant or interviews); evaluation of environmental impact (per unit & for entire market).


Stage 2: Formulation of a list of redesign options (from shallow redesign to deep ecology - 5 steps or so); choice of level of redesign; selection of preferred alternative.


Stage 3: Discussion of materials selection, energy issues, packaging, etc.; estimation of improved environmental impacts.


Stage 4: Preparation of computer slides, class presentation and defense.



Grading criteria:


- Research on current item (quantity on the market, lifetime, disassembly, etc.)

- Analysis of the collected numbers (quantification of the environmental impacts in production, during use or after use, of both current and redesigned items)

- Application of IE principles (in redesigning the alternative item)

- Argumentation (selection process to arrive at alternative, rationale for assumptions)

- Presentation of the results (oral and written, ability to answer questions)


Grading scale:   TOTAL of 30 points


-         8 points for research (web search, procurement of product, its disassembly, etc.)

-         8 points for analysis (energy, materials, life-cycle)

-         8 points for creativity, brainstorming & decision process

-         6 points for organization, style & illustrations





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