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Group on Religion and Identity

Papers

Presentations at the February 2002 Seminar " Russian Orthodoxy and National Identification: Imperial Policy, Past and Present."

Religion and Identity Papers Kazan Conference, March 2002

Final Papers

This thematic group will focus on the role of religion in constituting, challenging, and changing national and ethnic identities in Russia. We understand the term nation to mean the formation of a distinct group as a political community that sees itself "deserving of self determination, which usually entails self-rule, control of its own territory, and perhaps a state of its own," (Suny). We understand the term ethnicity to emphasize the more cultural aspects of group formation (including, for example, traditions, language, and religious beliefs and practices). In carrying out our research, the group will concentrate both on historical and comparative approaches to the theme.

A historical approach considers the dialectical role that religions have played in identity formation over time. When the monotheistic religions emerged, for example, they served as unifying forces promoting a universal destiny for all peoples, and promoted the emergence of great empires. With the Renaissance and Reformation, however, ideas of nationalism began to challenge the predominant conception of universal religions supported by a universal church and state. The religious teachings of national churches promoted the disintegration of the Christian community, while the emergence of many Muslim states after the collapse of the Khalifats and the Ottoman Empire demonstrated a similar opposition to political-religious universalism. This centrifugal tendency has strengthened in recent years, and currently expresses itself in resistance to globalization. We will pay special attention to understanding how religious philosophies have changed over time to adjust to new political or social situations, and how this evolutionary process has affected the relationship between religious teachings and formation of national or ethnic identities.

A comparative approach considers the roles played by a variety of religions and religious actors in shaping national and ethnic identity in Russia, and then looks at these roles in a broader historical and geographical context. This thematic group will not only consider the roles of Russian Orthodoxy and Islam in molding national and ethnic identities, but will also incorporate Protestantism and Buddhism. Moreover, we will consider a wide range of religious viewpoints in our study, such as those of religious modernists, atheists, secularists, reformers, revivalists, and fundamentalists. Finally, we will put our project into a broader context of world history and politics, keeping in mind the experiences of other nations, empires, and multicultural societies in dealing with problems similar to those Russia has faced. We anticipate that our cooperation with the groups in France, Thailand, and China will be especially valuable in this regard.

In carrying out its research, this group will consciously focus on the key themes of the "Identifications" project, and in particular on the connections and contradictions between official and vernacular identifications in Russia over time and across regions. For example, what role has official state support for Russian Orthodoxy in the imperial and post-Soviet periods played in (re)creating a Russian identity? Or, on the contrary, how has state ignorance or repression of religions such as Islam and Buddhism affected the self-identification of Tatars, Buryats, etc. within the Russian/Soviet state? These kinds of questions fully embrace the themes of membership, geographies of identification, and placement and displacement outlined by Sahlins and Scott in "Official and Vernacular Identifications in the Making of the Modern World."

Click on the links below to download copies of working papers for the Religion and Identity Group. All papers are PDF files that can be read using Adobe Acrobat Reader software. If you do not already have a copy, Acrobat Reader is available free for either Macintosh or Windows from Adobe.


Additional papers and proposals for individual Working Groups are located on their respective pages. Papers for the Russia CRN as a whole are in the Paper Archive.

Papers in English (Papers in Russian below)

Author(s) Title Date Posted
  Religion and Identity Working Group Proposal  

Papers in Russian (Papers in English above)

Author(s) Title Date Posted
 Zagir Arukhov

Etnokonfessional'nye protsessy na severnom kavkaze: Na primere Dagestana

(Ethno-confessional Processes in North Caucasia: The Case of Dagestan )

14/1/02
Georgy Chistyakov In Search of the "Russian Idea": A View from Inside the Russian Orthodox Church

 14/1/02
Tatyana Filippova

Russkoe pravoslavne i natsional'naia identifikatsiia: Imperskaia politika v proshlom i nastoiashchem

(Russian Orthodoxy and National Identification: Imperial Policy, Past and Present)

14/1/02
Dmitry Furman Russians as an Ethnic Minority: The Case of the Baltic States

--
Ludmila Gatagova

Massovye etnofobii v Rossiiskoi imperii kak opyt kristallizatsii etnicheskoi i konfessional'noi identichnostei

(Mass Ethnophobia in the Russian Empire as a Formative Experience for Ethnic and Confessional Identity)

14/1/02
Tatyana Skrynnikova

Traditsionnaia kul'tura i Buddizm v samoidentifikatsii Buriat

(Traditional Culture and Buddhism in Buryat Self-Identification)

14/1/02
Marietta Stepaniants Observations and Reflections on the Correlation between Religion and National or Ethnic Identities

--
Aidar Uziev

Islam i natsional'naia identichnost' Tatar

(Islam and Tartar National Identity)

14/1/02

Presentations at the February 2002 Seminar " Russian Orthodoxy and National Identification: Imperial Policy, Past and Present." (All in Russian)

Author(s) Title Date Posted
 Lev Anninskii Intelligentsiia v postimperskoi Rossii: Problemy Identichnosti

16/4/02
Sergei Antonenko Religioznaia sosiavliaiushchaia etnokul'turnoi identichnosi rossiian-stoletie musatsionnykh transfromatsii

 16/4/02
Tatiana Filippova Russkoe pravoslavie v epokhi modernizatsii: Problemy postimperskoi identichnosti

16/4/02
Sergei Sekirinskii O nashem razdvoennom proshlom

16/4/02
Rustam Shukurov Musul'manstvo i modernizatsiia

16/4/02

Religion and Identity Papers Kazan Conference, March 2002

Author(s) Title Date Posted
 I. A. Gilazov Etnicheskoe Samosoznanie Povolzhskikh Tatar: Nekotorye Voprosy Formirovaniia i Ego Osobennosti

27/4/02
A. Khabutdinov Kontseptsiia "Millet" i Tatar na Rubezhe 19-20 Vekov.

 27/4/02
I. P. Tagirov Problema Etnichnosti Tatar (Obshchie Cherty)

27/4/02
Aidar Uziev Islam i Natsional'naia identichnost' Kazanskikh Tatar vo Vtoroi Polovine XIX-XX vv.

27/4/02

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