(last updated April 2012; graduate student co-authors indicated with a #; undergraduate students with a +)



[52] Jackson, B.P., V.F. Taylor, M.R. Karagas, T. Punshon and K.L. Cottingham. 2012. Arsenic, organic foods, and brown rice syrup. Environmental Health Perspectives, in press (will be in May issue, available online at;jsessionid=6ABAC24A1DCBC8CE1CF0848C35F51771?uri=info%3Adoi%2F10.1289%2Fehp.1104619&representation=PDF).

 [51] Jackson, B.P., T. Punshon, V.F. Taylor, and K.L. Cottingham. 2012. Arsenic concentration and speciation in infant formulas and first foods. Pure and Applied Chemistry 84(2): 215–223.

[50] Gilbert-Diamond*, D., K.L. Cottingham*, J.F. Gruber, T. Punshon, V. Sayarath, A.J. Gandolfi, E.R. Baker, B. Jackson, and M.R. Karagas. 2011. Arsenic exposure from rice consumption raises a health concern. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108:20656-20660. (* = co-first authors)

[49] Adler, P.B., and 57 co-authors. 2011. Productivity is a poor predictor of plant species richness. Science 333:1750-1753. (K.L. Cottingham is 19th author.)

[48] Fey#, S.B. and K.L. Cottingham. 2011. Linking biotic interactions and climate change to the success of exotic Daphnia lumholtzi.  Freshwater Biology 56:2196-2209.

[47] Fey#, S.B., Z.A. Mayer+, S.C. Davis+, and K.L. Cottingham. 2010.  Zooplankton grazing of Gloeotrichia echinulata and associated life history consequences.  Journal of Plankton Research 32(9):1337-1347. [Winner of the 2010 David Cushing Prize for the best paper in JPR by a lead author under age 35.]

[46] Wolkovich#, E.M., D.A. Lipson, R.A. Virginia, K.L. Cottingham, and D.T. Bolger. 2010. Grass invasion causes rapid increases in ecosystem carbon and nitrogen storage in a semi-arid shrubland. Global Change Biology 16:1351–1365.

[45] Wolkovich#, E.M., D.T. Bolger, and K.L. Cottingham. 2009.  Invasive grass litter facilitates native shrubs through abiotic effects. Journal of Vegetation Science 20:1121-1132.

[44] Carey#, C.C., K.C. Weathers, and K.L. Cottingham.  2009. Increases in phosphorus at the sediment-water interface may influence the initiation of cyanobacterial blooms in an oligotrophic lake. Proceedings of the International Association of Theoretical and Applied Limnology 30(8):1185-1188.

[43] Carey#, C.C., K.C. Weathers, and K.L. Cottingham. 2008. Gloeotrichia echinulata in an oligotrophic lake: helpful insights from eutrophic lakes. Journal of Plankton Research 30:893-904.

[42] Lennon#, J.T. and K.L. Cottingham. 2008. Microbial productivity in variable resource environments. Ecology 89:1001–1014.

[41] Carey+, C.C., J.F. Haney, and K.L. Cottingham. 2007. First report of Microcystin-LR in Gloeotrichia echinulata.  Environmental Toxicology 22(3):337-339.

[40] Wood+, C.A., J.E. Byers, K.L. Cottingham, I. Altman, M. Donahue, and A. Blakeslee. 2007. Parasites alter community structure.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104(22):9335-9339.  [listed in Faculty of 1000, Summer 2007; winner of 2008 Best Student Paper award from the Ecological Society of America Student Section]

[39] Lennon#, J.T., A.M. Faiia, X. Feng, and K.L. Cottingham. 2006. Relative importance of CO2 recycling and CH4 pathways in lake food webs along a dissolved organic carbon (DOC) gradient. Limnology and Oceanography 51(4): 1602–1613

[38] Cottingham, K.L., J.T. Lennon#, and B.L. Brown#. 2005. Knowing when to draw the line:  suggestions for designing more informative ecological experiments. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3(3):145-152.

[37] Green, J.L., A. Hastings, P. Arzberger, F. Ayala, K.L. Cottingham, K. Cuddington, F. Davis, J.A. Dunne, M-J. Fortin, L. Gerber, and M. Neubert. 2005. Complexity in ecology and conservation: mathematical, statistical, and computational challenges. Bioscience 55(6):501-510.

[36] Cottingham, K.L., S. Glaholt, and A.C. Brown+. 2004. Zooplankton community structure affects how phytoplankton respond to nutrient pulses. Ecology 85(1):158-171.

[35] Gram, W.K., E.T. Borer, K.L. Cottingham, E.W. Seabloom, V.L. Boucher, L. Goldwasser, F. Micheli,  B.E. Kendall, and R. S. Burton. 2004. Distribution of plants in a California serpentine grassland: are rocky hummocks spatial refuges for native species?  Plant Ecology 172:159–171.

[34] Vinebrooke, R.D., K.L. Cottingham, J. Norberg, M. Scheffer, S.I. Dodson, S.C. Maberly and U. Sommer. 2004. Impacts of multiple stressors on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning:  the role of species co-tolerance. Oikos 104(3):451-457.

[33] Cottingham, K.L., D.A. Chiavelli, and R.K. Taylor. 2003. Environmental microbe and human pathogen:  The ecology and microbiology of Vibrio cholerae. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 1(2):80-86.

[32] Ives, A.R., B. Dennis, K.L. Cottingham, and S.R. Carpenter. 2003. Estimating community stability and ecological interactions from time-series data. Ecological Monographs 73(2):301-330.

[31] Seabloom, E.W., E.T. Borer, V.L. Boucher, R.S. Burton, K.L. Cottingham, L. Goldwasser, W.K. Gram, B.E. Kendall, and F. Micheli. 2003. Competition, seed limitation, disturbance, and reestablishment of California native annual forbs. Ecological Applications 13(3):575–592.

[30] Cottingham, K.L. 2002. Tackling biocomplexity: the role of people, tools and scale. Bioscience 52(9):793-799.

[29] Rusak, J.A., N.D. Yan, K.M. Somers, K.L. Cottingham, F. Micheli, S.R. Carpenter, T.M. Frost, M.J. Paterson and D.J. McQueen. 2002. Temporal, spatial, and taxonomic patterns of crustacean zooplankton variability in unmanipulated north-temperate lakes. Limnology and Oceanography 47(3):613-625.

[28] Klug, J.L. and K.L. Cottingham. 2001. Interactions among environmental drivers: phytoplankton community responses to changes in nutrient loading and dissolved organic carbon. Ecology 82(12):3390-3403.

[27] Carpenter, S.R., J.J. Cole, J.R. Hodgson, J.F. Kitchell, M.L. Pace, D. Bade, K.L. Cottingham, T.E. Essington, J.N. Houser, and D.E. Schindler. 2001. Trophic cascades, nutrients, and lake productivity:  whole-lake experiments. Ecological Monographs 72:163-186.

[26] Cottingham, K.L., B.L. Brown#, and J.T. Lennon#.  2001. Biodiversity may regulate the temporal variability of ecological communities. Ecology Letters 4:72-85.

[25] Cottingham, K.L., J.A. Rusak, and P.R. Leavitt. 2000. Increased ecosystem variability and reduced predictability following fertilisation:  evidence from paleolimnology. Ecology Letters 3:340-348.

[24] Cottingham, K.L. and D.E. Schindler. 2000. Effects of grazer community structure on phytoplankton responses to nutrient pulses. Ecology 81:183-200.

[23] Dodson, S.I., S.E. Arnott, and K.L. Cottingham. 2000. The relationship between primary productivity and species richness: patterns in lake communities. Ecology 81:2662-2679.

[22] Jackson, L.J., A.S. Trebitz, and K.L. Cottingham. 2000. A simulation primer for ecological modeling.  Bioscience 50:694-706.

[21] Cottingham, K.L. 1999. Nutrients and zooplankton as multiple stressors of phytoplankton communities:  evidence from size structure. Limnology and Oceanography 44: 810-827.

[20] Micheli*, F., K.L. Cottingham*, J. Bascompte, O.N. Bjornstad, G.L. Eckert, J.M. Fischer, T. Keitt, B.E. Kendall, J.L. Klug, and J.A. Rusak. 1999. The dual nature of community variability. Oikos 85:161-169. (* = co-first authors)

[19] Cottingham, K.L., S.R. Carpenter, and A. St. Amand. 1998. Responses of epilimnetic phytoplankton to experimental nutrient enrichment in three small seepage lakes. Journal of Plankton Research 20:1889-1914.

[18] Cottingham, K.L. and S.R. Carpenter. 1998.  Population, community and ecosystem variates as ecological indicators:  phytoplankton response to whole-lake enrichment. Ecological Applications 8:508-530.

[17] Blumenshine, S.B., Y. Vadeboncoeur, D.M. Lodge, K.L. Cottingham and S.E. Knight. 1997. Benthic-pelagic links: responses of benthos to water-column nutrient enrichment. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 16:466-479.

[16] Carpenter, S.R. and K.L. Cottingham. 1997. Resilience and restoration of lakes. Conservation Ecology [online]1(1): 2. Available from the Internet. URL:

[15] Cottingham, K.L., S.E. Knight, S.R. Carpenter, J.J. Cole, M.L. Pace and A.E. Wagner+. 1997. Response of phytoplankton and bacteria to nutrients and zooplankton: a mesocosm experiment. Journal of Plankton Research 19:995-1010.

[14] Post, D.M., S.R. Carpenter, D.L. Christensen, K.L. Cottingham, J.R. Hodgson, J.F. Kitchell and D.E. Schindler. 1997. Seasonal effects of variable recruitment of a dominant piscivore on pelagic food web structure. Limnology and Oceanography 42:722‑729.

[13] Carpenter, S.R., J.F. Kitchell, K.L. Cottingham, D.E. Schindler, D.L. Christensen, D.M. Post, and N. Voichick. 1996. Chlorophyll variability, phosphorus input and grazing: evidence from whole-lake experiments.  Ecology 77: 725-735.

[12] Christensen, D.L., S.R. Carpenter, J.J. Cole, K.L. Cottingham, S.E. Knight, J.P. LeBouton1, M.L. Pace, D.E. Schindler, and N. Voichick. 1996. Ecosystem and pelagic community responses to a DOC perturbation in a temperate stratified lake. Limnology and Oceanography 41:553-559.

[11] Padilla, D.K., S.C. Adolph, K.L. Cottingham, and D.W. Schneider. 1996. Predicting the consequences of a benthic invader on a pelagic food web. Ecological Modelling 85:129-144.

[10] Schindler, D.E., S.R. Carpenter, K.L. Cottingham, X. He, J.R. Hodgson, J.F. Kitchell, and P.A. Soranno. 1996. Foodweb structure and littoral zone coupling to pelagic trophic cascades. p. 96-105 in G.A. Polis and K.O. Winemiller, eds. Food Webs: Integration of Pattern and Dynamics. Chapman & Hall.

[9] Carpenter, S.R., D.L. Christensen, J.J. Cole, K.L. Cottingham, X. He, J.R. Hodgson, J.F. Kitchell, S.E. Knight, M.L. Pace, D.M. Post, D.E. Schindler, and N. Voichick. 1995. Biological control of eutrophication in lakes. Environmental Science & Technology 29:784-786.

[8] Christensen, D.L., S.R. Carpenter and K.L. Cottingham. 1995. Predicting chlorophyll vertical distribution in response to epilimnetic nutrient enrichment in stratified lakes. Journal of Plankton Research 17:1461-1478.

[7] Cottingham, K.L. and S.E. Knight. 1995. Effects of grazer size on the response of mesotrophic lakes to experimental enrichment. Water Science and Technology 32:157-163.

[6] Stow, C.A., S.R. Carpenter, and K.L. Cottingham. 1995. Bayesian parameter estimation and the form of the predator-prey functional response.  Ecology 76:1986-1990.

[5] Carpenter, S.R., K.L. Cottingham, and C.A. Stow. 1994. Fitting predator-prey models to time series with observation errors. Ecology 75:1254-1264.

[4] Cottingham, K.L. and S.R. Carpenter. 1994. Predictive indices of ecosystem resilience:  Consistency and testability in models of north temperate lakes. Ecology 75:2127-2138.

[3] He, X., J.F. Kitchell, S.R. Carpenter, J.R. Hodgson, D.E. Schindler, and K.L. Cottingham. 1993. Food web structure and long-term phosphorus recycling:  a simulation model evaluation. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 122:773-783.

[2] Schindler, D.E., J.F. Kitchell, X. He, S.R. Carpenter, J.R. Hodgson, and K.L. Cottingham. 1993. Food web structure and phosphorus cycling in lakes. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 122:756-772.

[1] Carpenter, S.R., K.L. Cottingham, and D.E. Schindler. 1992. Biotic feedbacks in lake phosphorus cycles.  Trends in Ecology and Evolution 7:332-336.

Book Chapters (Peer-Reviewed)

Cottingham, K.L., E.M. Wolkovich#, J.C. Moore, A. Hastings, and P. deRuiter. Dynamic properties of detritus. Invited chapter for the book Detritus and the Dynamics of Populations, Food Webs and Ecosystems, edited by J.C. Moore et al.  Submitted May 2009; possible publication in 2011.

Cottingham, K.L. and J.M. Butzler#. 2006. The community ecology of Vibrio cholerae.  Pages 105-118 in S. Collinge and C. Ray, eds. Disease Ecology: Community Structure and Pathogen Dynamics. Oxford University Press.

Refereed Government Publication

Peterson, C.H., R. Barber, K. Cottingham, H. Lotze, C.A. Simenstad, R.R. Christian, and M. Piehler. 2008. Chapter 7, National Estuaries. U.S. Climate Change Science Program Synthesis and Assessment Product 4.4 - Adaptation Options for Climate-Sensitive Ecosystems and Resources. Available at


Cottingham, K.L., J.T. Lennon, and B.L. Brown. 2005. Regression versus ANOVA - Response. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 3(7):358.

Cottingham, K.L. and M.S. Zens. 2004. Metabolic theory opens a new vista on ecology. Ecology 85(7):1805-1807. (Invited commentary on J.H. Brown’s MacArthur paper, Toward a metabolic theory of ecology.)

Chiavelli, D.A., K.L. Cottingham and R.K. Taylor. 2004. Linking the ecology, epidemiology and pathogenicity of Vibrio cholerae:  a molecular genetic approach. Pages 87-90 in CIESM Monographs 26, Novel Contaminants and Pathogens in Coastal Waters.  Available through the internet at

Cottingham, K.L., D.L. Bade, Z.G. Cardon, C.M. D’Antonio, C.L. Dent, S.E.G. Findlay, W.K. Lauenroth, K.M. LoGiudice, R.S. Stelzer, and D.L. Strayer. 2003. Increasing modeling savvy:  strategies to advance quantitative modeling skills for professionals within ecology. P.428-436 in C.D. Canham, W.K. Lauenroth, and J.J. Cole, ed. Models in Ecosystem Science. Princeton Univ Press.

Cottingham, K.L. 1994. Aquatic ecosystems. Pages 28-30 in McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology 1995. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Book review

Cottingham, K.L. 1999. Book review of T. Tamminen and H. Kuosa [eds.]. 1998. Eutrophication in planktonic ecosystems:  food web dynamics and elemental cycling. Limnol. Oceanogr. 44:2025.


Carpenter, S.R. and K.L. Cottingham.  2002.  Resilience and the restoration of lakes.  Pp. 51-70 in L.H. Gunderson and L. Pritchard Jr. (eds.), Resilience and the Behavior of Large-Scale Ecosystems.  Island Press, Washington, D.C. [reprinting of Carpenter and Cottingham 1997].

Workshop reports

Kinzig, A.P. and many co-authors. 2000. Nature and Society:  An Imperative for Integrated Environmental Research.  Report of the NSF-sponsored workshop, Developing a Research Agenda for Linking Biogeophysical and Socioeconomic Systems.

Parmenter, R.R., T. Stohlgren, J.R. Sauer, C. Johnston, T.C. Edwards, Jr., S. Harrison, K.L. Cottingham, G.P. Robertson, T.D. Schowalter, D. Stockwell, K.E. Anderson, S.L. Collins, and D. Siegel-Causey. 1999. Report of the Fourth Workshop on the Biodiversity Observatory Network (BON). Submitted to the National Science Foundation, 23 Nov 1999.