Distribution of the Sample Proportion            Name: __________

Remember the worksheet for which you rolled dice?  The point of the worksheet was to examine the sampling distribution of the sample mean.  That’s why I had you generate several samples (of dice rolls) and calculate the sample mean for each sample – so we could see how these sample means vary.  Now I want to do the same thing for a different statistic: the sample proportion.  So I want you to generate several samples (of coin spins this time), and calculate the sample proportion (of heads) in each sample – so we can see how these sample proportions vary.  Get ready for more tedium!

First, I want to make sure you understand the spinning process.  You must give the penny lots of rotational momentum, and it must come to rest without hitting anything.  The former requires that you don’t just give the coin a little twist with your wrist, but that you hold the penny on edge with one finger and flick it with your other finger – as if place-kicking a football, sort of.  The latter requires a large, flat, hard surface.  If the penny hits anything before coming to rest, disregard that attempt.

Believe it or not, pennies spun in this fashion are not equally likely to land heads up and tails up.  I’ll explain why after we collect the data.  Please use a penny from the 1960’s; 1961 and 1962 are ideal to bring out this effect.  Record the year of the penny that you use: ______

For now, I’d like you to generate three samples of 10 spins each, and three samples of 20 spins each.  Then calculate the proportion of heads in each of those samples.  (The sample proportions should be multiples of 0.1 in the samples of 10, and multiples of 0.05 in the samples of 20.)

 spin: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 prop. of H’s sample 1 sample 2 sample 3

 spin: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 prop.  H’s sample1 sample2 sample3

Last but not least, I want you to draw three random samples of 20 students from the 1995 Witt New Student population, listed on the back of this sheet, and record the proportion of students from Ohio in each of your three samples.  (Be sure to use three-digit numbers in your randomization.)

 proportion from Ohio sample 1 sample 2 sample 3

001 IN

002 OH

003 IN

004 IL

005 OH

006 OH

007 OH

008 IL

009 OH

010 OH

011 OH

012 OH

013 XX

014 OH

015 OH

016 OH

017 PA

018 OH

019 OH

020 IN

021 OH

022 IL

023 IN

024 OH

025 OH

026 OH

027 OH

028 OH

029 OH

030 XX

031 OH

032 NJ

033 OH

034 MA

035 MI

036 OH

037 OH

038 OH

039 KY

040 OH

041 TN

042 OH

043 IL

044 TX

045 OH

046 OH

047 OH

048 OH

049 OH

050 ME

051 OH

052 OH

053 OH

054 OH

055 NE

056 OH

057 OH

058 OH

059 OH

060 MI

061 OH

062 MD

063 OH

064 OH

065 KY

066 IL

067 OH

068 XX

069 OH

070 OH

071 OH

072 OH

073 OH

074 OH

075 OH

076 PA

077 CT

078 OH

079 OH

080 DE

081 OH

082 OH

083 IL

084 OH

085 MI

086 OH

087 MI

088 TN

089 OH

090 OH

091 MN

092 CT

093 OH

094 OH

095 MI

096 OH

097 XX

098 OH

099 OH

100 NC

101 OH

102 OH

103 CT

104 XX

105 OH

106 KY

107 OH

108 OH

109 OH

110 IL

111 IN

112 DC

113 OH

114 OH

115 OH

116 OH

117 OH

118 OH

119 UT

120 OH

121 MA

122 OK

123 OH

124 XX

125 OH

126 MD

127 IN

128 OH

129 OH

130 NJ

131 OH

132 OH

133 XX

134 IL

135 MI

136 NY

137 MI

138 OH

139 OH

140 OH

141 XX

142 OH

143 IL

144 OH

145 KY

146 VA

147 OH

148 OH

149 OH

150 OH

151 XX

152 OH

153 IL

154 MN

155 OH

156 OH

157 OH

158 OH

159 GA

160 SC

161 MN

162 OH

163 OH

164 OH

165 OH

166 PA

167 OH

168 OH

169 OH

170 OH

171 OH

172 OH

173 OH

174 OH

175 OH

176 OH

177 IL

178 OH

179 OH

180 OH

181 NC

182 OH

183 OH

184 FL

185 OH

186 OH

187 OH

188 OH

189 OH

190 OH

191 IN

192 OH

193 OH

194 OH

195 OH

196 OH

197 OH

198 OH

199 TN

200 CA

201 MI

202 OH

203 KY

204 IL

205 IN

206 OH

207 CT

208 OH

209 FL

210 OH

211 OH

212 IN

213 OH

214 OH

215 IL

216 XX

217 OH

218 OH

219 IN

220 OH

221 NY

222 PA

223 OH

224 MI

225 NY

226 MI

227 OH

228 IL

229 MO

230 PA

231 NY

232 OH

233 OH

234 OH

235 XX

236 FL

237 OH

238 OH

239 OH

240 OH

241 OH

242 XX

243 OH

244 OH

245 XX

246 NE

247 NY

248 MI

249 OH

250 OH

251 OH

252 OH

253 MA

254 OH

255 TN

256 OH

257 OH

258 OH

259 OH

260 AZ

261 OH

262 OH

263 MA

264 NJ

265 OH

266 OH

267 OH

268 OH

269 OH

270 MA

271 NY

272 OH

273 OH

274 OH

275 OH

276 IL

277 OH

278 OH

279 OH

280 OH

281 MD

282 OH

283 OH

284 OH

285 OH

286 MD

287 MI

288 OH

289 OH

290 OH

291 OH

292 OH

293 OH

294 OH

295 OH

296 OH

297 IL

298 IN

299 OH

300 IN

301 FL

302 PA

303 PA

304 OH

305 IL

306 IL

307 OH

308 OH

309 MD

310 OH

311 OH

312 MN

313 OH

314 IL

315 OH

316 OH

317 OH

318 IN

319 OH

320 OH

321 OH

322 IL

323 OH

324 PA

325 OH

326 PA

327 IN

328 OH

329 OH

330 MI

331 OH

332 NY

333 IL

334 NY

335 XX

336 GU

337 OH

338 CO

339 OH

340 OH

341 OH

342 IN

343 OH

344 OH

345 CO

346 XX

347 OH

348 OH

349 OH

350 MI

351 OH

352 OR

353 OH

354 OH

355 OH

356 OH

357 OH

358 OH

359 OH

360 OH

361 XX

362 OH

363 OH

364 XX

365 IN

366 OH

367 OH

368 XX

369 OH

371 OH

372 OH

373 OH

374 OH

375 OH

376 OH

377 OH

378 OH

379 OH

380 KY

381 IN

382 MA

383 OH

384 OH

385 OH

386 XX

387 IN

388 XX

389 OH

390 MI

391 KY

392 OH

393 OH

394 IN

395 OH

396 OH

397 OH

398 IN

399 OH

400 OH

401 KY

402 OH

403 IN

404 MI

405 IN

406 OH

407 OH

408 OH

409 PA

410 OH

411 OH

412 OH

413 OH

414 OH

415 OH

416 MI

417 OH

418 OH

419 NY

420 OH

421 OH

422 OH

423 OH

424 OH

425 OH

426 OH

427 OH

428 NC

429 IL

430 OH

431 CA

432 OH

433 OH

434 IN

435 MI

436 OH

437 OH

438 OH

439 OH

440 TN

441 OH

442 IN

443 MD

444 OH

445 NY

446 OH

447 PA

448 OH

449 KY

450 OH

451 OH

452 NY

453 OH

454 OH

455 OH

456 OH

457 NY

458 NY

459 OH

460 OH

461 OH

462 OH

463 FL

464 OH

465 OH

466 OH

467 IN

468 NY

469 OH

470 MI

471 XX

472 OH

473 XX

474 PA

475 OH

476 PA

477 OH

478 PA

479 NH

480 OH

481 MI

482 IN

483 KY

484 OH

485 MD

486 PA

487 OH

488 OH

489 OH

490 IN

491 OH

492 MI

493 OH

494 XX

495 OH

496 OH

497 MO

498 OH

499 OH

500 OH

501 OH

502 OH

503 OH

504 IN

505 MI

506 OH

507 XX

508 CO

509 OH

510 OH

511 OH

512 IL

513 OH

514 OH

515 OH

516 OH

517 NY

518 NY

519 OH

520 OH

521 IL

522 OH

523 OH

524 OH

525 OH

526 OH

527 OH

528 OH

529 OH

530 IN

531 OH

532 OH

533 OH

534 OH

535 OH

536 OH

537 OH

538 XX

539 WV

540 OH

541 MI

542 OH

543 OH

544 OH

545 OH

546 NY

547 OH

548 OH

549 TX

550 OH

551 WV

552 OH

553 MA

554 OH

555 OH

556 OH

557 IL

558 OH

559 OH

560 OH

561 OH

562 OH

563 OH

564 MA

565 OH

566 OH

567 OH

568 OH

569 NY

570 KY

571 OH

572 OH

573 OH

574 NY

575 PA

576 IL

577 OH

578 OH

579 IN

580 XX

581 PA

582 KY

583 DC

584 NH

585 OH

586 OH

587 XX

588 OH

589 IN

590 OH

591 OH

592 IN

593 OH

594 OH

595 MI

596 OH

597 OH

598 MI

599 OH

600 OH

601 OH

602 NY

603 OH

604 OH

605 OH

606 OH

607 OH

608 TX

609 OH

610 OH