2007 - Decision Making Psychology and Decision Support
2008 - Interprofessional Education in Decision Support
2009 - Complexity in Patients' Decision Support
2010 - Economic, Legal and Political Issues in Decision Support
What are the Dartmouth Summer Institutes on Informed Patient Choice (SIIPC)?
- The Dartmouth Summer Institutes on Informed Patient Choice are held annually, under the auspices of the Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice. They are supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) and the Foundation for Informed Medical Decision Making (FIMDM).
- Their overall goal is to identify and mentor the next generation of scientists who are prepared to investigate key basic and applied problems in the field of patients' health care decision making -- with a particular emphasis on the provision of decision support (DS) using patients' decision aids (PtDAs).
What is "Decision Support"?
- In preference-sensitive health care situations, there is no single "best" therapeutic action that's indicated for all patients.
- Therefore, the goal is to help patients make an informed, preference-based choice among the several relevant therapeutic options.
- "Decision Support" (DS) is a systematic, theory-based clinical strategy for helping individuals who wish to be involved in making these kinds of preference-sensitive choices to participate in this decision-making process.
What are "Patients' Decision Aids"?
- "Patients' Decision Aids" (PtDAs) are standardized, evidence-based tools intended to facilitate the process of decision support.
- They are intended to supplment rather than replace patient-practitioner interaction.
- PtDAs differ from conventional education materials, which present information about a recommended therapeutic intervention.
- Instead, PtDAs are designed to help people make deliberative choices choose among 2 or more preference-sensitive, clinically acceptable options, including the status quo.
- At a minimum, PtDAs provide information about the options and their associate relevant outcomes.
- PtDAs also help patients to...
- personalize this information;
- understand that they can be involved in choosing among the various options;
- appreciate the scientific uncertainties inherent in that choice;
- clarify the personal value or desirability of potential benefits relative to potential harms
- communicate their values to their practitioners; and
- gain skills in the steps of collaborative decision making.
What's the Strategy for Planning Each Year's SIIPC?
Each year, the Planning Committee / Lead Faculty:
- Identifies a particular key scientific theme in the field of DS/PtDAs, and
- Invites a Faculty of fundamental and applied scientists who are world leaders in the thematic area to identify the most pressing scientific opportunities in the field of patients' health care decision making, and to outline how best to prepare the next generation of scientists to seize those opportunities.
- Invites Fellows to attend the Summer Institute, and to join in discussion and debate with this Faculty.