Self & Peer Assessment

The Self and Peer Assessment is a tool designed to facilitate the objective, analytical, and learning comprehension skills of students. Reviewing the work of fellow students through criteria-based reference evaluation allows constructive feedback. The constructive feedback that students give to and receive from their peers can enhance their comprehension of the subject material and provide valuable insights into their own efforts.

Large classes can benefit from the Self and Peer Assessment Building Block by distributing the administrative workload; quality feedback can be provided from several different individuals, instead of relying upon a single Instructor.

Assessments can be precisely scheduled to allow the proper time for the submission and evaluation process to be completed; including the time to access any content items associated with the assessment.

Instructors have the option of using Self and Anonymous evaluations. These options may provide a comfort level that can result in more candid assessments and evaluations. They may also impact the integrity of the assessment process; care must be exercised in their use.

Features and Functions

Blackboard 9.1supports the creation of self-and-peer assessments of text, images, and digital based information. The tool allows for the creation of an exercise, composed of one or more Questions, each with one or more Criteria, to be presented to Students for completion and evaluation. Questions provide structure and content to the Assessment. They can be simple ("What is 2 plus 2?") or complex ("Describe the benefits of failure in the development of new ideas and or products.").

The Criteria that accompany each Question provide the means to evaluate the responses to those Questions. The number or Criteria can also range from one ("Did the answer = 4?") to many:

Tutorials

Each of the below listed items address a different aspect of the Self & Peer Assessment tool. Clicking on the items will expand the view window and expose the associated tutorial. Click on the item again to collapse the tutorial.

Creating a New Assessment

The Self and Peer Assessments can be created from any of the content areas within a Course.

  1. Navigate to a Content Area and folder where the Assessment will be posted.
  2. add_assessment1

  3. Then click on the Edit Mode toggle in the upper right hand corner of the screen to display the contextual edit menus.
  4. Click on the [Create Assessment] button.
  5. Next click on Self and Peer Assessment in the drop down menu.
  6. add_assessment2

  7. Enter a name for the assignment in the Name field. (A corresponding entry will automatically be created in the Grade Center)
  8. Provide clear instructions and other information that would be helpful in completing the assignment in the Instructions field.
  9. Specify the time period in which the students can submit responses to the assignment. 
    1. Enter the Start Date and End Date in the fields provided or click on the calendar icon to the right of the fields to select dates.
    2. Set the assignment start and end times by clicking on the clock icon to the right of the time field, then select a time from the drop down menu.
    3. add_assessment3

  10. Set the date range which students can submit evaluations of their peers’ work as well as their own (if Self Evaluations are enabled). See item 7 for guidelines on setting date ranges.
  11. Click on the Yes radio button to the right of Allow Anonymous Evaluation to allow anonymous evaluations. (Students may feel more comfortable if their assessments are anonymous)
  12. Click on the Yes radio button to the right of Allow Self Evaluation to allow students to evaluate there own work.
  13. Allow submitters to view their own evaluation results by clicking the Yes radio button to the right of Show Evaluation Results to Submitter.
  14. Set how many of their peers’ assessments each student is expected to evaluate in the Number of Submissions to Evaluate field.
    Note: the number entered in the Number of Submissions to Evaluate field does not include the creator of the submission. Enter zero in this field if students only need to complete a self-evaluation.
  15. Optional: enter a due date for the completion of assessment in the Due Date field. The date entered in this field will be displayed in the Grade Center, Student Notifications, and My Grades.
  16. Click on the Yes radio button to the right of Make assessment available to make the assessment available to students. Click on the No radio button to make it unavailable.
  17.  Click on the Yes radio button to the right of Track number of views to track the number of time the assessment is reviewed. Click No to disable tracking.
  18. Click the Display After and/or Display Until check boxes to the right of Choose date restrictions and then enter the date range into the associated fields to control when the assessment is available.
  19. Click the [Submit] button to save the assessment settings.

The next step in setting up this activity is to add questions to the assessment. Questions provide both the structure and content of the assessment.

Resources

    • Click here to download a PDF version of this Quick Start guide

 

Adding a Question to an Assessment

To add a question to an Assessment, follow these steps:

addQuestion1

  1. Click on the chevron to the right of the Assessment and then click on Edit in the drop down menu. The Edit screen will be displayed.
  1. Click on the Assessment Canvas link.
  1. Next click the [Create Question] button. The Add Question screen will be displayed.

    addQuestion2

  1. Enter the question in the Question Text Box.

    addQuestion3

  1. Enter a Model Response in the response text box.
  1. Click Yes to make the Model Response Available.
  1. Then click the [Submit] button to save the question.

Repeat the steps in this section until all of the assessment questions have been added.  Next you will need to add criteria for each of the questions. The criteria provide a means for the students to evaluate their peers’ responses to the assignment questions.

Resources

    • Click here to download a PDF version of this Quick Start guide

 

Adding Criteria to a Question

The Criteria that accompany each Assessment Question provide the means to evaluate the responses to those Questions. For example:
The Assessment requires students to write an essay of 500 words (minimum) or more using the narrative mode. The essay will show one aspect of your ethics or belief system. This essay includes:

    • an introduction and a definition of a moral idea or notion or term, and a thesis statement (the introductory paragraph)
    • a discussion of who or what influenced your ethical development, (first body paragraph)
    • narrate an experience which exemplifies an ethical turning point or decision in your life, (second body paragraph
    • relate how the moral decision you faced affected you in the future, (third body paragraph)
    • restate the important topics in the paper and provide closure. (concluding paragraph)

The criteria for this question might be:

Criteria 1 - Introduction (background/history/thesis statement)

3 = Well-developed introduction engages the reader and creates interest. Contains detailed background information. Thesis is clear and focused.

2 = Introduction creates interest. Thesis clearly states the position.

1 = Introduction adequately explains the background, but may lack detail.  Thesis states the position.

0 = Background details are a random collection of information, unclear, or not related to the topic. Thesis is vague or unclear.

Criteria 2 - Main Points (Body paragraphs)

3 = Well developed main points explain the thesis. Supporting examples are concrete and detailed.  The narrative is developed with a consistent and effective point-of-view, showing the story in detail.

2 = Three or more main points are related to the thesis, but one may lack details.  The narrative shows events from the author's point of view using some details.

1 = Three or more main points are present. The narrative shows the events, but may lack details.

0 = Less than three main points, and/or poor development of ideas. The narrative is undeveloped, and tells rather than shows, the story.

Criteria 3 – Conclusion

Etc ….

In general, essay questions may require many criteria per question while shorter questions may only require one or two criteria.


To add criteria to a question, follow these steps:

  1. Click on the chevron to the right of the Assessment and then click on Edit in the drop down menu. The Edit screen will be displayed.
  2. Click on the Assessment Canvas link.
  1. Click the chevron to the right of the appropriate question and then click on Criteria in the drop down menu. The Add/Edit Criteria screen will be displayed.
  1. Click the [Create Criteria] button.

    criteria1

  1. Enter criteria text in the Criteria Text Box.
  1. Enter the number of points possible for this question in the Points Possible field.
  1. Click the All or Nothing radio button or Partial Credit radio button to tell peer evaluators how to Assign Points.
  1. Allow Feedback to User - Click the Yes radio button to allow peer evaluators to provide feedback on assessments, or click the No radio button to prohibit feedback.
  1. Click the [Submit] button to save the criteria.

Repeat the steps in this section until all of the criteria have been added for the question.

Adding Word Count Criteria

It is also possible to evaluate the length of an answer by adding Word Count Criteria to a question. For example you may specify that an answer should be around 200 words. The Word Count Criteria enables points to be awarded based on the length of an answer.

To add a Word Count Criteria:

  1. Click on the chevron to the right of the Assessment and then click on Edit in the drop down menu. The Edit screen will be displayed.
  2. Click on the Assessment Canvas link.
  1. Click the [Word Count Criteria] button.
  2. criteria2

  3. Enter instructions to the peer reviewers in the Criteria text field.
  1. Enter the number of posts possible in the Points Possible field.
  2. Enter the question word count in the Recommended Word Count field.
  3. Enter how many words that the submission can vary by and still receive the full point value in the Allowed Variation field.
  4. Click the [Submit] button to save the criteria.

Resources

    • Click here to download a PDF version of this Quick Start guide

 

Previewing the Assessment

There are two ways to preview the Assessment once it has been created, by Submission and Evaluation. These options provide the Instructor a chance to see the Assessment as their Students will. Instructors can use these preview options to adjust the Assessment.

To preview an Assessment:

  1. 1. Click on the chevron to the right of the Assessment and then click on Edit in the dropdown menu. The Edit screen will be displayed.
  2. Click on the Assessment Canvas link.
    preview 1
  3. Click on the [Preview] button.  A dropdown menu will be displayed. Next click on either Submission or Evaluation.

    preview 2

The Submission page offers a complete view of the Assessment. The page contains the following features:

    • Assessment Name – Displays the name of the Assessment.
    • Instructions – Displays the Instructions for this Assessment.
    • Evaluations to Complete – Displays the number of Evaluations that need to be completed.
    • Submission – Displays the date range for which submissions will be accepted.
    • Evaluation – Denotes how may evaluations each student must complete
    • Questions – Displays the Question text.  Each question can be previewed in turn by clicking its name. Note: these pages are read only.

The Evaluation page offers a view of all of the evaluations, regardless of their status.


preview 3
The features of this page are as follows:

      1. Click the Evaluator user name (if the Assessments are set as Anonymous students will be listed as User 1, User 2, etc.)  to display their Evaluation page. Each question is displayed in a grouping of tabs. Navigate through the tabs to display the submitted response for that question.
      2. The Status field displays the status of the evaluation. In Preview Mode the status is always Not Started.
      3. The Points Allocated field displays the number of points given out of how many points are possible. In Preview Mode it is displayed as 0 / xxx.

Resources

    • Click here to download a PDF version of this Quick Start guide

 

Completing an Assessment

Students who have an Assessment assigned to them can access them in appropriate Course Content area. The Submission and Evaluation date ranges are visible under the Assessment listing. In addition to submitting answers directly on the question page, Students can also submit a local file or copy an item from the Content Collection to support their answer.

To complete an Assessment:


completing assessment 1

  1. Click the >>View/Complete Assessment link to begin the Assessment. The Assessment instruction sheet will be displayed.

    completing assessment 2
  1. Next click a question link. The Response screen will be displayed.

    completing assessment 3
  1. Enter a response in the Response textbox.
  1. For this example click the [Browse My Computer] to Attach the essay file. The file manager on your local computer will be displayed.

Note: Only one file can be attached to an Assessment. If a second file is attached the first one is removed. To attach multiple files, use the Attach file feature in the Response text window.

  1. Select the file from your local computer to be uploaded. The selected file will be displayed in the Attached Files area of the Blackboard Response screen. By default the Link Title will be set to the file name. Click in the Link Title box to enter a descriptive name for the file.
  1. Click the [Submit] button to save your question response.
  1. Repeat the preceding steps as necessary until all of the Assessment questions have been answered.
  1. Click the [OK] when the Assessment is complete.

Resources

    • Click here to download a PDF version of this Quick Start guide

 

Evaluating an Assessment

Evaluating an Assessment allows Students to provide their peers valuable feedback on the answers they have submitted. Students can access the Assessment using the same link they used to complete it and begin the evaluation. The Evaluation Overview page lists the number of submissions the Student needs to evaluate (including their own), with the Evaluators own name at the top of the list.

Warning:  Do not add or delete Students after the evaluation Start Date. Students who are added after the evaluation Start Date will have no peers to evaluate, and deleted students will continue to be displayed in peer evaluation lists.

If Anonymous evaluations are enabled, the evaluator does not see the name of the Student whose Assessment they are evaluating.

Note: Assessments can only be evaluated during the evaluation period designated during the Assessment creation.

To evaluate an Assessment, follow these steps:

  1. Click the >>View/Complete Assessment link to begin the evaluation. assessment evaluation1
  1. Click the name of the peer that you were assigned to review. The Submission review page will be displayed.

    assessment evaluation2
  1. Review the text in the Submission field and any associated attachments.
  2. Enter text in the Feedback field (if requested).
  3. Enter the number of points to award that submission in the Points possible field.
  4. Click the [Save and Next Criteria] button to move to the next criteria (in this sample there are seven criteria to be assessed).
  5. When all criteria have been evaluated click the [Submit] button. You will be returned to the Evaluation Overview page and the Status for the completed Peer Assessment will be changed to Complete.
  6. Repeat the preceding steps as necessary until all of the assigned peer reviews have been completed.

Resources

    • Click here to download a PDF version of this Quick Start guide

 

Monitoring Submissions

Assessment Submissions can be monitored and reviewed during the Assessment process. Submissions can be downloaded as a collection or on an individual basis so they can be reviewed later. The Submissions are bundled in a .zip file that contains an HTML file for each Submission. The Submissions can be opened and read in any web browser.

To monitor the submissions for an Assessment:

  1. Click Course Tools in the Control Panel menu to expand the menu item.
  2. Next click on the Self and Peer Assessment link. A list of all course Assessments will be displayed.
  3. Then click the name of the appropriate Assessment or on the chevron to the right of the Assessment title.
  4. Click on View Submissions.  The Submissions page will be displayed with the following features and functions:

    monitoring submissions screen
    • [Download All] button - Click to download all submissions as a .zip file.
    • Assessment – Displays the name of the Assessment.
    • Submission Dates - Displays the submission date range.
    • Evaluation Dates - Displays the evaluation date range.
    • Completed – Displays an icon showing whether or not a submission is complete.
    • Name – Displays the name of the Student.
    • Username – Displays the username of the Student.
    • Question Responses - Displays the number of question responses that have been recorded so far and the total number of questions.
Monitoring the Evaluation

Assessment Evaluations can be monitored and reviewed during the Assessment process. Evaluations can be downloaded as a collection or on an individual basis so they can be reviewed later. The Evaluations are bundled in a .zip file that contains an HTML file for each Evaluation. The Evaluations can be opened and read in any web browser.

To monitor the evaluations for an Assessment, follow these steps:

  1. Click Course Tools in the Control Panel menu to expand the menu item.
  2. Next click on the Self and Peer Assessment link. A list of all course Assessments will be displayed.
  3. Then click the name of the appropriate Assessment or on the chevron to the right of the Assessment title.
  4. Click on View Evaluations.  The Evaluations page will be displayed with the following features and functions:

    monitoring evaluations screen
    • [Download All] button – Click to download all evaluations in a .zip file.
    • Assessment – Displays the name of the Assessment.
    • Submission Dates – Displays the submission date range.
    • Evaluation Dates – Displays the evaluation date range.
    • Completed – Displays an icon showing whether or not an evaluation is complete.
    • Evaluator – Displays the name of the Evaluator.
    • Evaluator Username – Displays the username of the Evaluator.
    • Submissions Evaluated – Displays the names of Students whose submissions have been assigned to this Evaluator.
    • Percentages – Displays the points given to this Student in a percentage format.
    • Points – Displays the points allocated by a specific Evaluator.
    • Average - Displays the average of all the percentages that have been submitted.

Resources

    • Click here to download a PDF version of this Quick Start guide

 

Viewing the Results

Assessment Results can be monitored and reviewed once the submission phase has ended. Results can be downloaded as a collection or on an individual basis.

To monitor the results for an assessment:

  1. Click Course Tools in the Control Panel menu to expand the menu item.
  2. Next click on the Self and Peer Assessment link. A list of all course Assessments will be displayed.
  3. Then click the name of the appropriate Assessment or on the chevron to the right of the Assessment title.
  4. Click on View Results.  The Results page will be displayed with the following features and functions:

    viewing results screen
    • [Send Results to Grade Center] button – Click to send the Results to the Grade Center.
    • [Download All] button – Click to download all evaluations as a tab-delimited file (.CSV).
    • Assessment – Displays the name of the assessment.
    • Submission Dates – Displays the submission date range.
    • Evaluation Dates – Displays the evaluation date range.
    • Update the points possible for the column in the Grade Center when sending results – Check this box to update the Grade Center with the results from this assessment.
    • Evaluated – Displays an icon showing whether or not a user has completed an evaluation.
    • Name – Displays the name of the Student.
    • Username – Displays the username of the Student.
    • Average Percentage – Displays the average of all points the Evaluators of this student gave for the student's submission as a percentage of total points possible.
    • Average Score – Displays the average of all points the Evaluators of this student gave for the student's submission.
    • Results Sent – Indicates whether or not the results for this Student have been sent to the Grade Center.
    • Evaluators - Displays how many peers have completed the evaluation of this Student.

Resources

    • Click here to download a PDF version of this Quick Start guide

 

Exporting an Assessment

Assessments can be exported as a ZIP file to a network or local drive so they can be imported into other course shells. Note: Only the Assessment (with its Questions and Criteria) is exported, none of the Submissions are.

To export an Assessment:

  1. Click on the chevron to the right of the Assessment you wish to download, then click on the Edit link in the menu. The edit selection will be displayed.
  2. Click on Export Assessment. A pop-up window asking if you would like to save the file will be displayed.
  3. Click on the [Save File] button. The file will be downloaded to your local computer.

Resources

    • Click here to download a PDF version of this Quick Start guide

 

Importing an Assessment

Assessments can be imported from a variety of locations: Course Documents, the Content System, or from a local hard drive.

Note: If the Start Date of the imported Assessment is in the past then the system resets it to 24 hours from the time it is imported. All other dates are adjusted forward in time while maintaining the same relationships that were established in the original Assessment.

To import an Assessment:


assessment export screen

  1. Navigate to the Content Area where the Assessment will be added.
  2. Hover your mouse over the [Create Assessment] button to display the sub menu, and then click on the Self and Peer Assessment link. The Create page will be displayed.
  3. Click on the Import radio button.
  4. Click the [Browse…] button to locate the Assessment File. File manager on your local computer will be displayed.
  5. Select the zipped Assessment file.
  6. Enter a Name for the imported Assessment. If this field is left blank, the imported Assessment name is used.
  7. Enter a Due Date for the Assessment in the date field or click on the Calendar icon to select a date.
  8. Click the [Submit] button to add the Assessment to the course.

Resources

    • Click here to download a PDF version of this Quick Start guide