Lopez, R. B., Chen, P. A., Huckins, J. F., Hofmann, W., Kelley, W. M., & Heatherton, T. F. (in press). A balance of activity in brain control and reward systems predicts self-regulatory outcomes. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci.

Rapuano, K. M., Zieselman, A. L., Kelley, W. M., Sargent, J. D., Heatherton, T. F., & Gilbert-Diamond, D. (2017). Genetic risk for obesity predicts nucleus accumbens size and responsivity to real-world food cues. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 114(1), 160-165. [PDF]

Gilbert-Diamond, D., Emond, J. A., Lansigan, R. K., Rapuano, K. M., Kelley, W. M., Heatherton, T. F., et al. (2017). Television food advertisement exposure and FTO rs9939609 genotype in relation to excess consumption in children. Int J Obes (Lond), 41(1), 23-29. [PDF]


Wagner, D.D., Kelley, W.M., Haxby, J.V., and Heatherton, T.F. (2016). The dorsal medial prefrontal cortex responds preferentially to social interactions during natural viewing. Journal of Neuroscience, 36(26), pp. 6917-6925. [PDF]

Powers, K. E., Somerville, L. H., Kelley, W. M., & Heatherton, T. F. (2016). Striatal Associative Learning Signals Are Tuned to In-groups. J Cogn Neurosci, 28(9), 1243-1254. [PDF]


Kelley, W.M., Wagner, D.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2015) In Search of a Human Self-Regulation System. Annual Review of Neuroscience. doi: 10.1146/annurev-neuro-071013-014243 [Abstract] [PDF]

Rapuano, K.M., Huckins, J.F., Sargent, J.D., Heatherton, T.F., and Kelley, W.M. (2015). Individual differences in reward and somatosensory-motor brain regions correlate with adiposity in adolescents. Cerebral Cortex. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhv097 [Abstract] [PDF]

Chen, P.H.A., Wagner, D.D., Kelley, W.M., and Heatherton, T.F. (2015). Activity in cortical midline structures is modulated by self-construal changes during acculturation. Culture and Brain, 3, 39-52. [Abstract] [PDF]


Whalen, P.J. and Kelley, W.M. (2014). To apply yourself is human, to reapply divine. Neuron, 83, 1227-1228. [Abstract] [PDF]

Lopez, R.B., Hofmann, W., Wagner, D.D., Kelley, W.M., and Heatherton, T.F. (2014). Neural predictors of giving in to temptation in daily life. Psychological Science, 25, 1337-1344. [Abstract] [PDF]

Gordon, E.M., Laumann, T.O., Adeyemo, B., Huckins, J.F., Kelley, W.M., and Petersen, S.E. (2014). Generation and evaluation of a cortical area parcellation from resting-state correlations. Cerebral Cortex, doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhu239 [Abstract] [PDF] [Supplementary Data]

Zuo, X., et al. (2014) An open science resource for establishing reliability and reproducibility in functional connectomics. Scientific Datadoi:10.1038/sdata.2014.49 [Abstract] [PDF]


Somerville, L.H., Wagner, D.D., Wig, G.S., Moran, J.M., Whalen, P.J., and Kelley, W.M. (2013). Interactions between tonic and phasic neural signals support the generation and regulation of anxious emotion. Cerebral Cortex, 23, 49-60. [Abstract] [PDF]

Neta, M., Kelley, W.M., and Whalen, P.J. (2013). Neural responses to ambiguity involve domain-general and domain-specific emotion processing systems. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 25, 547-557. [Abstract] [PDF]

Moran, J.M., Kelley, W.M., and Heatherton, T.F. (2013). What can the organization of the brain’s default mode network tell us about self-knowledge? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7: 391 (1-6). [Abstract] [PDF]

Chen, P.H.A., Wagner, D.D., Kelley, W.M., Powers, K.E., and Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Medial prefrontal cortex differentiates self from mother in Chinese: evidence from self-motivated immigrants. Culture and Brain, 1, 3-15. [Abstract] [PDF]

Wagner, D.D., Altman, M., Boswell, R.G., Kelley, W.M., and Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Self-regulatory depletion enhances neural responses to rewards and impairs top-down control. Psychological Science, 24, 2262-2271. [Abstract] [PDF]

Powers, K.E., Somerville, L.H., Kelley, W.M., and Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Rejection sensitivity polarizes striatal–medial prefrontal activity when anticipating social feedback. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 25, 1887-1895. [Abstract] [PDF]


Demos, K.E., Heatherton, T.F., and Kelley, W.M. (2012). Individual differences in Nucleus Accumbens activity to food and sexual images predict weight gain and sexual behavior. Journal of Neuroscience, 32, 5549-5552.  [Abstract] [PDF]

Wagner, D.D., Boswell, R.G., Kelley, W.M., and Heatherton, T.F. (2012). Inducing negative affect increases the reward value of appetizing foods in dieters. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24, 1625-1633. [Abstract] [PDF]

Moran, J.M., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2012). Self-knowledge. In K.N. Ochsner & S. Kosslyn (Eds,), Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience. New York, Oxford Press. [PDF]


Wagner, D.D., Kelley, W.M., and Heatherton, T.F. (2011). Individual differences in the spontaneous recruitment of brain regions supporting mental state understanding when viewing natural social scenes. Cerebral Cortex21, 2788-2796. [Abstract] [PDF]

Demos, K.E., Kelley, W.M., and Heatherton, T.F. (2011). Dietary restraint violations influence reward responses in nucleus accumbens and amygdala. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23, 1952-1963. [Abstract] [PDF]

Wagner, D.D., Dal Cin, S., Sargent, J.D., Kelley, W.M., and Heatherton, T.F. (2011). Spontaneous action representation in smokers when watching movie characters smoke. Journal of Neuroscience, 31, 894-8. [Abstract] [PDF]

Cloutier, J., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2011). The influence of perceptual and knowledge-based familiarity on the neural substrates of face perception.  Social Neuroscience, 6, 63-75. [Abstract] [PDF]


Somerville, L.H., Kelley, W.M., and Heatherton, T.F. (2010). Self-esteem modulates medial prefrontal cortical responses to evaluative social feedback. Cerebral Cortex, 20, 3005-13 [Abstract] [PDF]

Somerville, L.H., Whalen, P.J., and Kelley, W.M. (2010). Human bed nucleus of the stria terminalis indexes hypervigilant threat monitoring. Biological Psychiatry, 68, 416-24. [Abstract] [PDF]


Moran, J.M., Heatherton, T.F., and Kelley, W.M. (2009). Modulation of cortical midline structures by implicit and explicit self-relevance evaluation. Social Neuroscience, 4, 197-211. [Abstract] [PDF]

Cross, E.C., Kraemer, D.J.M., Hamilton, A.F., Kelley, W.M., and Grafton, S.T. (2009). Sensitivity of the action observation network to physical and observational learning. Cerebral Cortex, 19, 315-326. [Abstract] [PDF]

Cross, E.S., Hamilton, A.F., Kraemer, D.J., Kelley, W.M., and Grafton, S.T. (2009). Dissociable substrates for body motion and physical experience in the human action observation network. European Journal of Neuroscience, 30, 1338-92. [Abstract] [PDF]


Wig, G.S., Grafton, S.T., Demos, K.E., Wolford, G.L., Petersen, S.E., and Kelley, W.M. (2008). Medial temporal lobe BOLD activity at rest predicts individual differences in memory ability in healthy young adults. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 18555-60. [Abstract] [PDF]

Demos, K.E., Kelley, W.M., Davis, F.C., Ryan, S.L., and Whalen, P.J. (2008). Human amygdala sensitivity to the pupil size of others. Cerebral Cortex, 18, 2729-2734 [Abstract] [PDF]

Putnam, M.C., Wig, G.S., Grafton, S.T., Kelley, W.M., and Gazzaniga, M.S. (2008). Structural organization of the corpus callosum predicts the extent and impact of cortical activity in the nondominant hemisphere. Journal of Neuroscience, 28, 2912-2918. [Abstract] [PDF]

Cloutier, J., Heatherton, T.F., Whalen, P.J., and Kelley, W.M. (2008). Sex Differences in the Neural Substrates Underlying the Perception of Facial Attractiveness: Are Attractive People Rewarding? Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20, 941-951. [Abstract] [PDF]

Krendl, A.C., & Richeson, J.A., Kelley, W.M. and Heatherton, T.F. (2008). The negative consequences of threat: An fmri investigation of the neural mechanisms underlying women’s underperformance in math. Psychological Science, 19, 168-175. [Abstract] [PDF]


Mar, R.A., Kelley, W.M., Heatherton, T.F., and Macrae, C.N. (2007). Detecting agency from the biological motion of veridical versus animated agents. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2, 199-205. [Abstract] [PDF]

Heatherton, T.F., Krendl, A.C., Macrae, C.N., and Kelley, W.M. (2007). A social brain sciences approach to understanding the self. In C. Sedikides & S. Spencer (Eds.), Frontiers in social psychology: The self. (pp. 3-20). New York: Psychology Press. [PDF]

Mitchell, J.P., Heatherton, T.F., Kelley, W.M., Wyland, C.L., Wegner, D.M., and& Macrae, C.N. (2007). Separating sustained from transient aspects of cognitive control during thought suppression. Psychological Science, 18, 292-297. [Abstract] [PDF]


Somerville, L.H., Heatherton, T.F., and Kelley, W.M. (2006). Anterior cingulate cortex responds differentially to expectancy violation and social rejection. Nature Neuroscience, 9, 1007-1008. [Abstract] [PDF] [Supplemental Figure] [Supplemental Table] [Supplemental Methods]

Heatherton, T.F., Wyland, C.L., Macrae, C.N., Demos, K.E., Denny, B.T., and Kelley, W.M. (2006). Medial prefrontal activity differentiates self from close others. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 1, 18-25. [Abstract] [PDF]

Moran, J.M., Macrae, C.N., Heatherton, T.F., Wyland, C.L., and Kelley, W.M. (2006). Neuroanatomical evidence for distinct cognitive and affective components of self. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 1586-1594. [Abstract] [PDF]

Somerville, L.H., Wig, G.S., Whalen, P.J., and Kelley, W.M. (2006). Dissociable medial temporal lobe contributions to social memory. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 1253-1265. [Abstract] [PDF]

Krendl, A.C., Macrae, C.N., Kelley, W.M., and Heatherton, T.F. (2006) The good, the bad, and the ugly: An fMRI investigation of the functional anatomic correlates of stigma. Social Neuroscience, 1, 5-15. [Abstract] [PDF]


Wig, G.S., Grafton, S.T., Demos, K.E., and Kelley, W.M. (2005). A causal role for neural activity reductions during repetition priming. Nature Neuroscience, 8, 1228-1233. [Abstract] [PDF] [Supplemental Figure] [Supplemental Methods]

Kraemer, D.J.M., Macrae, C.N., Green, A.E., and Kelley, W.M. (2005). The sound of silence: Spontaneous musical imagery activates auditory cortex. Nature, 434, 158. [Abstract] [PDF] [Supplemental Material]


Macrae, C.N., Heatherton, T.F., and Kelley, W.M. A self less ordinary: the medial prefrontal cortex and you. (2004). The Cognitive Neurosciences III, MIT Press. 1067-1075.

Heatherton, T.F., Macrae, C.N., and Kelley, W.M. (2004). A social brain sciences approach to studying the self. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13, 190-193. [Abstract] [PDF]

Macrae, C.N., Moran, J.M., Heatherton, T.F., Banfield, J.F., and Kelley, W.M. (2004). Medial prefrontal activity predicts memory for self-knowledge. Cerebral Cortex, 14, 647-654. [Abstract] [PDF]

Moran, J.M., Wig, G.S., Adams, R.B., Janata, P., and Kelley, W.M. (2004). Neural correlates of humor comprehension and mirth. NeuroImage, 21, 1055-1060. [Abstract] [PDF]

Wig, G.S., Miller, M.B., Kingstone, A., and Kelley, W.M. (2004). Separable routes to human memory formation: Dissociating task and material contributions in prefrontal cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 139-148. [Abstract] [PDF]


Turk, D.J., Heatherton, T.F., Macrae, C.N., Kelley, W.M., & Gazzaniga, M.S. (2003). Out of contact, out of mind: The distributed nature of self. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1001, 65-78. [PDF]

Wyland, C.L., Kelley, W.M., Macrae, C.N., Gordon, H.L., and Heatherton, T.F. Neural correlates of cognitive control. (2003). Neuropsychologia, 41, 1863-1867. [Abstract] [PDF]


Ojemann, J.G. and Kelley, W.M. (2002). The frontal lobe role in memory: A review of convergent evidence and implications for the Wada memory test. Epilepsy and Behavior, 3, 309-315. [Abstract] [PDF]

Turk, D.J., Heatherton, T.F., Kelley, W.M., Funnell, M.G., Gazzaniga, M.S., and Macrae, C.N. (2002). Mike or me? Self recognition in a spilt-brain patient. Nature Neuroscience, 5, 841-842. [Abstract] [PDF]

Kelley, W.M., Macrae, C.N., Wyland, C.L., Caglar, S., Inati, S., and Heatherton, T.F. (2002). Finding the self? An event-related fMRI study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 785-794. [Abstract] [PDF]

Kelley, W.M., Ojemann, J.G., Wetzel, R.D., Derdeyn, C.P., Moran, C.J., Cross III, D.T., Dowling, J.L., Miller, J.W., and Petersen, S.E. (2002). Wada testing reveals lateralization for the memorization of words and faces. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 116-125. [Abstract] [PDF]


Braver, T.S., Barch, D.M., Kelley, W.M., Buckner, R.L., Cohen, N.J., Miezin, F.M., Snyder, A.Z., Ollinger, J.M., Conturo, T.E., Akbudak, E., and Petersen, S.E. (2001) Direct comparison of prefrontal cortex regions engaged by working and long-term memory tasks. NeuroImage, 14, 48-59. [Abstract] [PDF]

Palmer, E.D., Rosen, H.J., Ojemann, J.G., Buckner, R.L., Kelley, W.M., and Petersen, S.E. (2001). An event-related fMRI study of overt and covert word stem completion. NeuroImage, 14, 182-193. [Abstract] [PDF]

McDermott, K.B., Buckner, R.L., Petersen, S.E., Kelley, W.M., and Sanders, A.L. (1999) Set-specific and code-specific activation in frontal cortex: an fMRI study of encoding and retrieval of faces and words.Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 11, 631-640. [Abstract] [PDF]

Buckner, R.L., Kelley, W.M., and Petersen, S.E. (1999). Frontal cortex contributes to human memory formation. Nature Neuroscience, 2, 311-314. [Abstract] [PDF]

Kelley, W.M., Buckner, R.L., and Petersen, S.E. (1998). Response from Kelley, Buckner, and Petersen. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2, 421. [Abstract] [PDF]

Kelley, W.M., Miezin, F.M., McDermott, K.B., Buckner, R.L., Raichle, M.E., Cohen, N.J., Ollinger, J.M., Akbudak, E., Conturo, T.E. Snyder, A.Z., and Petersen, S.E. (1998). Hemispheric specialization in human dorsal frontal cortex and medial temporal lobe for verbal and nonverbal memory encoding.Neuron, 20, 927-936. [Abstract] [PDF]