Popliteal artery  
posterior view
  • The popliteal artery is a continuation of the femoral artery (name changes as femoral travels through the adductor hiatus).

  • The popliteal pulse is palpable in the popliteal fossa (pulsations are best felt in the inferior part of the fossa with the knee flexed and relaxed).

  • Genicular branches arise posterior to the knee joint and contribute to the collateral circulation around the knee joint.

  • The popliteal artery terminates by bifurcating into the anterior and posterior tibial arteries.