Anterior tibial artery  
anterior view
  • After arising from the popliteal artery, the anterior tibial artery travels into the anterior compartment of the leg by passing between the tibia and fibula through a gap in the interosseous membrane.

  • Anterior tibial artery travels inferiorly on the anterior surface of the interosseous membrane with the deep fibular nerve.

  • Anterior tibial artery primarily provides blood to the muscles of the anterior compartment of the leg. It also contributes to the collateral circulation of the knee and ankle, via its recurrent branch and anterior malleolar branches, respectively.

  • Anterior tibial artery changes its name to dorsalis pedis artery when it crosses the ankle joint.