Articles in Peer Reviewed Journals

Spatial and vertical distribution of mercury in upland forest soils across the northeastern United States

Richardson, J.B., A.J. Friedland, J.M. Kaste, T.R. Engerbretson, and B.P. Jackson. 2013. Spatial and vertical distribution of mercury in upland forest soils across the northeastern United States. Environmental Pollution 182: 127-134. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.07.011
   

Mineral soil carbon fluxes in forests and implications for carbon balance assessment

Buchholz, T., A. J. Friedland, C.E. Hornig, W.S. Keeton, G. Zanchi and J. Nunery. 2013. Mineral soil carbon fluxes in forests and implications for carbon balance assessment. Global Change Biology-Bioenergy DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12044
   

Threshold increases in lead and mercury from tropospheric deposition across an elevational gradient

Stankwitz, C.Kaste, J.M., and A.J. Friedland. 2012. Threshold increases in lead and mercury from tropospheric deposition across an elevational gradient. Environmental Science and Technology  46:8061-8068.
   

Soil carbon release along a gradient of physical disturbance in a harvested northern hardwood forest

Zummo, L.M. and A.J. Friedland. 2011. Soil carbon release along a gradient of physical disturbance in a harvested northern hardwood forest. Forest Ecology and Management 261:1016-1026.
   

The dynamics of Al, Fe and Mn in aging organic matter: Insights from the dating of soil layers

Kaste, J.M., B.C. Bostick, A.M. Heimsath, E. Steinnes, and A.J. Friedland. 2011. The dynamics of Al, Fe and Mn in aging organic matter: Insights from the dating of soil layers. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 75:1642-1661.
   

Carbon accounting a tricky business

Friedland, A.J. and K.T. Gillingham. 2010. Carbon accounting a tricky business (letter). Science 327:410-411.
   

A review of the theories to explain Arctic and alpine treelines around the world

Richardson, A.D. and A.J. Friedland. 2009. A review of the theories to explain Arctic and alpine treelines around the world. J. Sustainable Forestry 28:218-242.
   

Comparing costs and emissions of northern New England space heating fuel options

Kroetz, K.M. and A.J. Friedland.  2008. Comparing costs and emissions of northern New England space heating fuel options. Biomass and Bioenergy 32:1359-1366 (10.1016/j.biombioe.2008.04.003).
   

Lead sequestration, redistribution, and speciation during soil organic matter decomposition

Schroth, A.W., B.C. Bostick, J.M. Kaste and A.J. Friedland.  2008.  Lead sequestration, redistribution, and speciation during soil organic matter decomposition. Environ. Sci. Technol. 42:3627-3633 (DOI:10.1021/es/703002b).
   

Sulfur species behavior in soil organic matter during decomposition

Schroth, A.W., B.C. Bostick, M. Graham, J.M. Kaste, M.J. Mitchell and A.J. Friedland.  2007.  Sulfur species behavior in soil  organic matter during decomposition. J. Geophys. Res.,  112,  G04011,  doi:10.1029/2007JG000538.  10 pages.
   

Macronutrient depletion and redistribution in soils under conifer and northern hardwood forests

Schroth, A.W., A.J. Friedland and B.C. Bostick. 2007.  Macronutrient depletion and redistribution in soils under conifer and northern hardwood forests. Soil Science Society of America Journal 71:457-468.
Fate and speciation of gasoline-derived Pb in organic horizons of the northeastern U.S
   

Fate and speciation of gasoline-derived Pb in organic horizons of the northeastern U.S.

Kaste, J.M., B.C. Bostick, A.J. Friedland, A.W. Schroth and T.G. Siccama. 2006. Fate and speciation of gasoline-derived Pb in organic horizons of the northeastern U.S. Soil Science Society of America Journal 70:1688-1698.
   

Metal contamination of natural surface soils from long-range atmospheric transport: Existing and missing knowledge

Steinnes, E. and A.J. Friedland. 2006. Metal contamination of natural surface soils from long-range atmospheric transport: Existing and missing knowledge. Environmental Reviews 14:169-186.
   

Potentially mobile lead fractions in montane organic-rich soil horizons

Kaste, J.M., A.J. Friedland, and E.K. Miller. 2005. Potentially mobile lead fractions in montane organic-rich soil horizons. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 167:139-154.
   

Lead migration in podzolic soils from Scandinavia and the USA

Steinnes, E. and A.J. Friedland. 2005. Lead migration in podzolic soils from Scandinavia and the USA. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 85:291-294.
   

Microclimatology of treeline spruce-fir forests in the mountains of the northeastern United States

Richardson, A.D., X. Lee and A.J. Friedland. 2004. Microclimatology of treeline spruce-fir forests in the mountains of the northeastern United States. Ag. & Forest Meteorol. 125:53-66.
   

Towards a sustainable Northern Forest: Forest health and potential threats

Friedland, A.J., R.T. Jones, T. F. Gross and S.D. Blackmer. 2004. Towards a sustainable Northern Forest: Forest health and potential threats. J. Sustainable For. 18:1-22.
   

Effects of a major ice storm on the foliage of four New England conifers

Boyce, R.L., A.J. Friedland, C.B. Vostral and T.D. Perkins. 2003. Effects of a major ice storm on the foliage of four New England conifers. Ecoscience 10:342-350.
   

Detecting change in forest floor carbon storage

Yanai, R.D., S.V. Stehman, M.A. Arthur, C.E. Prescott, A.J. Friedland, T.G. Siccama and D. Binkley. 2003. Detecting change in forest floor carbon storage. Soil Sci. Soc. Am J. 67:1583-1593
   

Using stable and radioactive isotopes to trace atmospherically-deposited Pb in montane forest soils

Kaste, J.M, A.J. Friedland and S. St_rup. 2003. Using stable and radioactive isotopes to trace atmospherically-deposited Pb in montane forest soils. Environ. Sci. Technol. 37:3560-3567.
   

Winter and early spring microclimate of a mid-elevation conifer forest canopy in central Vermont

Friedland, A.J., R.L. Boyce, C.B. Vostral. 2003. Winter and early spring microclimate of a mid-elevation conifer forest canopy in central Vermont. Ag. and Forest Meteorology 115:195-200.
   

Personal decisions and their impact on energy use and the environment

Friedland, A.J., T.U. Gerngross and R.B. Howarth. 2003. Personal decisions and their impact on energy use and the environment. Env. Science and Policy 6:175-179.
   

Winter water relations of three New England conifers at their upper elevational limits. II. Modeling

Boyce, R.L., C.B. Vostral and A.J. Friedland. 2002. Winter water relations of three New England conifers at their upper elevational limits. II. Modeling. Tree Physiology 22: 801-806.
   

Winter water relations of three New England conifers at their upper elevational limits. I. Measurements

Vostral, C.B., R.L. Boyce, and A.J. Friedland. 2002. Winter water relations of three New England conifers at their upper elevational limits. I. Measurements. Tree Physiology 22: 793-800.
   

Effect of nitrogen and light on nutrient concentrations and associated physiological responses in birch and fir seedlings

Evans, C.E., E.K. Miller and A.J. Friedland. 2001. Effect of nitrogen and light on nutrient concentrations and associated physiological responses in birch and fir seedlings. Plant and Soil 236:197-207.
   

Accumulation and depletion of base cations in forest floors in the northeastern U.S.

Yanai, R.D., T.G. Siccama, M.A. Arthur, C.A. Federer and A.J. Friedland. 1999. Accumulation and depletion of base cations in forest floors in the northeastern US. Ecology 80:2774-2787.
   

Major element cycling in a high-elevation Adirondack forest: Patterns and change, 1986-1996

Friedland, A.J. and E.K. Miller. 1999. Major element cycling in a high-elevation Adirondack forest: Patterns and change, 1986-1996. Ecological Applications 9:958-967.Abstract
   

Atmospheric deposition of major elements to a subalpine forest in the Adirondack Mountains, New York, USA: 1986-1996

Miller, E.K. and A.J. Friedland. 1999. Atmospheric deposition of major elements to a subalpine forest in the Adirondack Mountains, New York, USA: 1986-1996. J. Environ. Qual. 28:270-277.Abstract
   

Nitrogen cycling differences associated with tree species dominance and soil moisture in a fir-birch-spruce forest

Evans, E., E.K. Miller and A.J. Friedland. 1998. Nitrogen cycling differences associated with tree species dominance and soil moisture in a fir-birch-spruce forest. Can. J. For. Res. 28:1890-1898.
   

A role for heavy metals in forest decline indicated by phytochelatin measurements

Gawel, J.E., B.A. Ahner, A.J. Friedland and F.M.M. Morel. 1996. A role for heavy metals in forest decline indicated by phytochelatin measurements. Nature 381:64-65.
   

Direct canopy nitrogen uptake from 15N-labeled wet deposition by mature red spruce

Boyce, R.L., A.J. Friedland, C.P. Chamberlain and S.R. Poulson. 1996. Direct canopy nitrogen uptake from 15N-labeled wet deposition by mature red spruce. Can. J. For. Res. 26:1539-1547.
   

Nitrogen isotope variation of tree rings as a potential indicator of environmental change

Poulson, S.P., C.P. Chamberlain and A.J. Friedland. 1995. Nitrogen isotope variation of tree rings as a potential indicator of environmental change. Chem. Geol. 125:307-315.
   

Elemental concentrations in fresh snowfall across a regional transect in the Northeastern US: Apparent sources and contribution to acidity

Baisden, W.T., J.D. Blum, E.K. Miller and A.J. Friedland. 1995. Elemental concentrations in fresh snowfall across a regional transect in the Northeastern US: Apparent sources and contribution to acidity. Water, Air and Soil Pollut. 84:269-286.
   

Acid rain and soils of the Adirondacks, III: Rates of soil acidification in a montane spruce-fir forest at Whiteface Mountain, NY

Johnson, A.H., A.J. Friedland, E.K. Miller and T.G. Siccama. 1994. Acid rain and soils of the Adirondacks, III: Rates of soil acidification in a montane spruce-fir forest at Whiteface Mountain, NY. Can. J. For. Res. 24:663-669.
   

Acid rain and soils of the Adirondacks, II: Evaluation of calcium and aluminum as causes of red spruce decline at Whiteface Mountain, New York

Johnson, A.H., T.N. Schwartzman, J.J. Battles, E.K. Miller, A.J. Friedland and D.R. Vann. 1994. Acid rain and soils of the Adirondacks, II: Evaluation of calcium and aluminum as causes of red spruce decline at Whiteface Mountain, New York. Can. J. For. Res. 24:654-662.
   

Lead migration in forest soils: Response to changing atmospheric inputs

Miller, E.K. and A.J. Friedland. 1994. Lead migration in forest soils: Response to changing atmospheric inputs. Environ. Sci. Technol. 28:662-669.
   

Atmospheric deposition to forests along an elevational gradient at Whiteface Mountain, NY USA

Miller, E.K., A.J. Friedland, E.A. Arons, V.A. Mohnen, J.J. Battles, J.A. Panek, J. Kadlecek and A.H. Johnson. 1993. Atmospheric deposition to forests along an elevational gradient at Whiteface Mountain, NY USA. Atmos. Environ. 27A:2121-2136.
   

A Discussion of Element distribution in red spruce (Picea rubens) fine roots; evidence for aluminum toxicity at Whiteface Mountain by Schlegel, Amundson and Hutterman

Friedland, A.J., E.K. Miller and R.L. Boyce. 1993. A Discussion of Element distribution in red spruce (Picea rubens) fine roots; evidence for aluminum toxicity at Whiteface Mountain by Schlegel, Amundson and Hutterman. Can. J. For. Res. 23:1732-1733.
   

Atmospheric deposition to a high-elevation forest at Whiteface Mountain, NY

Miller, E.K, J.A. Panek, A.J. Friedland, J. A. Kadlecek and V.A. Mohnen. 1993. Atmospheric deposition to a high-elevation forest at Whiteface Mountain, NY. Tellus 45B:209-227.
   

Determination of soil exchangeable-cation loss and weathering rates using Sr isotopes

Miller, E.K, J.D. Blum and A.J. Friedland. 1993. Determination of soil exchangeable-cation loss and weathering rates using Sr isotopes. Nature 362:438-441.
   

Red spruce death: Effects on forest composition and structure on Whiteface Mountain, NY

Battles, J.J., A.H. Johnson, T.G. Siccama, A.J. Friedland, and E.K. Miller. 1992. Red spruce death: Effects on forest composition and structure on Whiteface Mountain, NY. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 119:418-430.
   

The influence of winter climate on high-elevation Picea rubens shoot water contents

Boyce, R.L., A.J. Friedland and V.N. Macdonald. 1992. The influence of winter climate on high-elevation Picea rubens shoot water contents. Tree Phys 11:341-355.
   

Decreasing lead levels in the forest floor of the northeastern USA

Friedland, A.J., B.W. Craig, E.K. Miller, G.T. Herrick, T.G. Siccama and A.H. Johnson. 1992. Decreasing lead levels in the forest floor of the northeastern USA. AMBIO 21:400-403.
   

Aluminum release from soils in a fir-spruce forest at Whiteface Mountain, New York: Implications for red spruce mortality

Miller, E.K., T.G. Huntington, A.H. Johnson and A.J. Friedland. 1992. Aluminum release from soils in a fir-spruce forest at Whiteface Mountain, New York: Implications for red spruce mortality. J. Environ. Qual. 21:345-352.
   

Winter and early spring microclimate of a subalpine spruce-fir forest canopy in central New Hampshire

Friedland, A.J., R.L. Boyce and E.T. Webb. 1992. Winter and early spring microclimate of a subalpine spruce-fir forest canopy in central New Hampshire. Atmos. Environ. 26A:1361-1369.
   

Modeling the effect of winter climate on red spruce shoot water contents

Boyce, R.L., A.J. Friedland, G.T. Herrick and E.T. Webb. 1991. Modeling the effect of winter climate on red spruce shoot water contents. Forest Science 37:1567-1580.
   

Nitrogen deposition, distribution and cycling in a subalpine spruce-fir forest, Adirondacks, New York, USA

Friedland, A.J., E.K. Miller, J.J. Battles and J.T. Thorne. 1991. Nitrogen deposition, distribution and cycling in a subalpine spruce-fir forest, Adirondacks, New York, USA. Biogeochemistry 14:31-55.
   

Winter desiccation and solar radiation in relation to red spruce decline in the northern Appalachians

Hadley, J.L., A.J. Friedland, G.T. Herrick and R.G. Amundson. 1991. Winter desiccation and solar radiation in relation to red spruce decline in the northern Appalachians. Can. J. For. Res. 21:269-272.
   

Spatial patterns in forest composition and standing dead red spruce in montane forests of the Adirondacks and northern Appalachians

Craig, B.W. and A.J. Friedland. 1991. Spatial patterns in forest composition and standing dead red spruce in montane forests of the Adirondacks and northern Appalachians. Environ. Mon. Assess. 18:129-143.
   

Winter desiccation and injury of subalpine red spruce

Herrick, G.T. and A.J. Friedland. 1991. Winter desiccation and injury of subalpine red spruce. Tree Phys. 8:23-36.
   

Patterns of trace metal concentration and acidity in montane forest soils of the northeastern U.S.

Herrick, G.T. and A.J. Friedland. 1990. Patterns of trace metal concentration and acidity in montane forest soils of the northeastern U.S. Water Air Soil Pollut. 53:151-157.
   

Recent changes in the montane spruce-fir forests of the northeastern United States

Friedland, A.J. 1989. Recent changes in the montane spruce-fir forests of the northeastern United States. Environ. Mon. Assess. 12:237-244
   

Cytopathological andexternal observations on red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) needles damaged in winter in Vermont

Karenlampi, L. and A.J. Friedland. 1988. Cytopathological andexternal observations on red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) needles damaged in winter in Vermont. Silva Fennica 22:249-255
   

Spruce foliar chemistry in northern Vermont and New York

Friedland, A.J., G.J. Hawley and R.A. Gregory. 1988. Spruce foliar chemistry in northern Vermont and New York. Plant and Soil 105:189-193
   

Recent and historic red spruce mortality: Evidence of climatic influence

Johnson, A.H., A.J. Friedland and J.G. Dushoff. 1986. Recent and historic red spruce mortality: Evidence of climatic influence. Water Air Soil Pollut. 30:319-330
   

Coniferous litter decomposition on Camels Hump, Vermont, USA: A review

Friedland, A.J., A.H. Johnson and T.G. Siccama. 1986. Coniferous litter decomposition on Camels Hump, Vermont, USA: A review. Can. J. Bot. 64:1349-1354.
   

Zinc, copper, nickel and cadmium in forest floor in the northeastern United States

Friedland, A.J., A.H. Johnson and T.G. Siccama. 1986. Zinc, copper, nickel and cadmium in forest floor in the northeastern United States. Water Air Soil Pollut. 29:233-243.
   

Lead distribution and fluxes in a high-elevation forest in northern Vermont

Friedland, A.J. and A.H. Johnson. 1985. Lead distribution and fluxes in a high-elevation forest in northern Vermont. J. Environ. Qual. 14:332-336.
   

Winter damage to foliage as a factor in red spruce decline

Friedland, A.J., R.A. Gregory, L. Karenlampi and A.H. Johnson. 1984. Winter damage to foliage as a factor in red spruce decline. Can. J. For. Res. 14:963-965.
   

Trace metal distributions in forest floor profiles: Comparisons from three localities in New England

Friedland, A.J., A.H. Johnson, T.G. Siccama and D.L. Mader. 1984. Trace metal distributions in forest floor profiles: Comparisons from three localities in New England. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 48:422-425.
   

Trace metal content of the forest floor in the Green Mountains of Vermont: Spatial and temporal patterns

Friedland, A.J., A.H. Johnson and T.G. Siccama. 1984. Trace metal content of the forest floor in the Green Mountains of Vermont: Spatial and temporal patterns. Water Air Soil Pollut. 21:161-170.
   

Spatial and temporal patterns of lead accumulation in the northeastern United States

Johnson, A.H., T.G. Siccama and A.J. Friedland. 1982. Spatial and temporal patterns of lead accumulation in the northeastern United States. J. Environ. Qual. 11:577-581.
   

Effects of vines on successional herbs

Friedland, A.J. and A.P. Smith. 1982. Effects of vines on successional herbs. Am. Mid. Nat. 108:402-403.